Dr. E. Vincent Cross II

Senior Scientist

Dr. Cross is a Research Scientist with TRACLabs. Previously, he was the Human-Computer Interaction Discipline Scientist for NASA’s Human Research Program (HRP) and Human Factors Design Engineer for Leidos. Dr. Cross is a thought leader in Human-Computer Interaction, Human-Robot Interaction, Human Factors, User Experience, and Trust in Automation, having received over $3M in funding and published numerous peer-reviewed papers. Currently, Dr. Cross is the Co-I for the NASA’s HRP funded HCAAM VNSCOR effort that is exploring how conversational analysis can be used to determine operator trust in automation. He was previously the Principal Investigator (PI) for the Human-Robot Collaboration project, where he led a cross-functional team focused on determining how user experience can be used to improve human performance when collaborating with a robot system. Dr. Cross was also the PI for the Air Force Research Lab’s (AFRL) funded Trust Through Transparency (T3) project. T3’s goal is to determine the effectiveness of robot dialogue in calibrating trust with human operators. Dr. Cross was the Co-Investigator and User Experience Team Lead for the NASA Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD) funded Semi-Autonomous Flight Environment Tug (SAFETug) project, which explored automating airport push-back tugs to autonomously tow aircraft from gate to runway and runway to gate. He was a Co-I for the Fine Motor Skills Flight Study, which explored the impact of microgravity on astronaut fine motor performance. Additionally, Dr. Cross has served as a subject matter expert providing NASA’s commercial crew program with automation, autonomous systems, and user interface design, as it relates to meeting the Commercial Human-Systems Integration Requirements for mitigating human limitations while maximizing capabilities, resulting in human performance that meets the needs of the mission.


2002 B.S. Computer Systems Analysis (Entrepreneurship), Miami University. Oxford OH

2006 M.Sw.E. Computer Science, Auburn University. Auburn AL

2009 Ph.D. Computer Science, Auburn University. Auburn AL


  • Cross II, E. V., Chang M. L., Hambuchen K., Aiken J., Measuring Human-Robot Collaboration For Future Long Duration Space Missions, NASA Technical Report (Under Review)
  • Sandor, A., Cross II, E.V., Chang M. L., The Use of Augmented Reality for Teleoperation of a Rover Style Robot, NASA Technical Report (Under Review)
  • Sandor, A., Cross II, E.V., Chang M. L., Ezer, N., The Use of Camera Views for Teleoperation of a Rover Style Robot, NASA Technical Report (Under Review)
  • Morris, R., Chang, M. L., Cross II, E. V., Franke, J., Garrett, R., Malik, W., McGuire, K., Hemann, G., Self-Driving Aircraft Towing Vehicles: A Preliminary Report. In Proceedings of the 29th Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI). Austin, TX. January 25-29 2015.
  • Chevalier, B., Cross, E. V., Moffitt, V. Z., Lomas, M., Craven, P., Garrett, R., Kopack, M., Franke, J. L., & Taylor, J., T., SUMMIT: An Open Architecture Framework that Integrates Stand-alone Applications and Enables Operator Workload Balancing. In Proceedings of Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI 2012). Las Vegas, NV. August 6-9 2012.
  • Lomas, M., Chevalier, B., Cross, E. V., Hoare, J., Garrett, R., & Kopack, M., Explaining Robot Actions, In Proceedings of the 7th ACM/IEE International Conference on Human Robot Interaction (HRI 2012). Boston, MA. March 5-8 2012.
  • Lomas, M., Cross, E., J. Darvill, R. Garrett, M. Kopack, and K. Whitebread, A Robotic World Model Framework Designed to Facilitate Human-Robot Communication, In Proceedings of the 12th Annual SIGdial Meeting on Discourse and Dialogue Meeting. Portland, Oregon. pp. 301–306. June 17-18, 2011.